The urban encroachment on agricultural land is one of the most important phenomena which attract attention and have received a great interest from scientific research in recent times because of its negative effects on agricultural land on the level of Egypt in general, and on the study area in particular in light of population growth and the high rates of demand for housing—something that increased pressure on agricultural land. The relationship between population growth and agricultural land proved to have more negative repercussions; a relation which imposes itself because of its impact in the long-term and its close relationship to the traditional and contemporary ways of living in Egypt over history as represented in the increase in population and decrease in agricultural land, which, consequently, results in declining per capita of agricultural land since the gap between the growing population and agricultural land widens. Thus, this problem is one of the most serious problems faced by Egypt because of its negative effects on the future of agriculture and the population in Egypt in general, where lost agricultural land is considered to be of the finest agricultural lands as it is more fertile than the reclaimed land. These fertile lands are specifically represented in order to preserve them and their agricultural production. Since this problem is one of the most important impediments to the horizontal and vertical agricultural development, the thesis was interested in studying this serious problem in order to contribute to the presentation and clarification of the causes and the negative effects resulting from it, and to reach some of the proposed solutions to deal with that problem.