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Ass. Lect. naeema goma ahmed hassan :: Publications:

Title:
Integrated Management of Tomato White Mold Disease Caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum using the Combined Treatments of Compost, Chemical Inducers and Fungicides
Authors: Naema A. Gomaa, Mahdy, A. M. M., Fawzy, R.N. and Ahmed, G.A.
Year: 2016
Keywords: Tomato- Sclerotinia rot - fungicides- chemical inducers - compost - enzymes
Journal: Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Pages: 479-486
Publisher: current research web
Local/International: International
Paper Link: Not Available
Full paper naeema goma ahmed hassan_4-Integrated management.pdf
Supplementary materials Not Available
Abstract:

Efficacy of compost, chemical inducers and fungicides individually or in combination for managing tomato white mold caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary under greenhouse and field conditions was studied. Results indicated that all treatments significantly reduced disease incidence and severity of tomato white mold disease comparing with untreated control. Moreover, the integrated SA and FeSO4 with compost recorded the highest increase of fresh weight and dry weight of shoots and roots compared with the individual treatments and control. The integrated SA with compost was the highest effective treatment where it reduced disease incidence and disease severity to be 11.1 and 5.20% comparing with control treatment which recorded 100 and 77.4% respectively under greenhouse conditions. Under field conditions, adding compost to the soil pre-transplanting decreased the percentage of infection and increased yield of tomato plants compared with un-amended treatments with compost. In this respect, the integration between Billis and compost was the most effective treatment where it reduced effectively the disease incidence and disease severity (88.24 and 92.37%) respectively. As well as, it increased fruit weight per plant by 154.76%. It could be concluded from the obtained results that the combination between compost, chemical inducers and fungicides might be useful as a good tool for controlling tomato white mold disease caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum under greenhouse and field conditions.

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