According to Hitzmann, Pekerman (1993), relying on the visual system during sports performance is one of the most used in any activity because the vision affects the ability or efficiency of the athlete to perform the requirements of the sport. Some researchers have studied the relationship between skill and vision, The researchers 'attempts aimed at determining the visual abilities necessary for different sports and determining whether athletes' abilities differed from those of non-athletes. These attempts, although not complete, suggested that some visual abilities are important for performance in specific sports,
The visual abilities of athletes differ from non-athletes, and so far there is little research supporting the hypothesis that visual abilities of athletes can be improved by visual training. This improvement in visual abilities will affect improved athletic performance and additional research attempts are needed to answer many Questions related to the relationship between visual vision and sports.
Samia Khalil Mohammed (2008) refers to the relationship between the senses and the sport that the visual sensory system delivers the complete information about the surrounding environment and helps the athlete to distinguish the interconnected materials in the place, such as distance to the target and between them and the direction and speed of movement of the opponent and the movement of the ocean, When the eyes closed, and helps the sense of sight to know the position of the body and shape during the movement, as well as the muscular sensations required gradually in partnership with the incentives contained by the sense of touch and balance of sensory and motor, at first the sense of movement is unclear and incomplete and incomplete, The sense of sight works on the formation and integration of the correct timing of the movement. The movement of temporal timing, temporal and kinetic timing, spatial timing is performed by the sense of sight.
The researcher agrees with the American Society of Ophthalmology that the eyes perform many operations during the sports activity. Based on these operations, the athlete can determine the type of response required. The central nervous system allows the eye to follow the movements of objects through a series of operations that can be summarized in eye movements Fast surveys, such as eye movement during rotation and focus on targets.
The study of the relationship between mental strategies and athletic performance is not a recent topic. Some studies have emerged with the beginning of the 1970s showing the use of mental strategies in enhancing athletic performance. One of the first studies to be conducted at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal was on the Canadian arms team to develop and manage mental strategies before and during competition, as well as the findings of Mahoney & Avener (1977) in gymnastics, Bennett (1983) in diving, Moore (1986) in tennis, Vealey (1986) in bowling, Boutcher & Grews (1987) On the importance of numbers and control the content of thinking before and during the competition because of their effective role in enhancing the level of athletic performance.